morphotype

Algal Species, Morphotype Descriptions

Abstract: 

As part of the Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) project in the McMurdo Dry Valleys of Antarctica, a systematic sampling program has been undertaken to monitor the abundance and species distribution of algal mats in glacial meltwater streams of the region. This table contains descriptions of the morphotypes found for algal species belonging to the family Oscillatoriaceae. Morphotypes were based on physical characteristics.

Data set ID: 

13

Core Areas: 

Short name: 

mrphtype

Data sources: 

mrphtype

Methods: 

In all, over thirty taxa of algae were identified in Taylor Valley streams. To allow for finer distinctions to be made concerning physical characteristics, species belonging to the family Oscillatoriaceae were divided into thirteen distinct morphotypes. These morphotypes were defined based on the following characteristics: trichome width, cell length, presence or absence of a calyptra (thickened membrane on the terminal cell, occurrence or otherwise of numerous trichomes within a common sheath, and shape of the apical cell. Each morphotype was then assigned to the species that most closely matched its description. In many cases, more than one morphotype was assigned to a single species. Morphotype L consisted of trichomes less than 2.5 micrometers in width, making them very difficult to distinguish at x400 magnification. As a result, two species of Oscillatoriales (Phormidium frigidum and Oscillatoria deflexa) were assigned to this particular morphotype.

Maintenance: 

Descriptions for each morphotype were submitted on paper copies to the data manager at INSTAAR in August, 1997. These were entered into Microsoft Excel and transferred to the McMurdo LTER database. The ascii text, comma delimited file which was exported from Access generated the 'mrphtype.dat' file used on the web page. In July, 2000, a field for dataset code was added. This would simplify generating links between different data and metadata fields and assist in making the data more relational / useful in Oracle.

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